|Refugee's Return To Ndassima (Where AXM Has It's Gold Deposit) - Area Secured & Rebels Removed?|
Central African Republic: Return of displaced people observed in several cities after Khartoum peace agreement
Bangui, Central African Republic, (ADV) - Several IDPs and refugees have been returning to their respective areas since February, following the lull after the peace agreement signed between the government and the country's armed groups.
Just one month after the signing of the peace agreement between the government and the 14 armed groups in the country, the security situation is gradually improving in the interior, favoring the return of displaced persons and refugees to their respective areas. . This return was recorded by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Central Africa (OCHA).
In the north of Paoua, more than 23,000 spontaneous returnees and 26,700 returnees were identified from 21 February to 7 March 2019, ie 4,351 households of 23,394 spontaneous returnees and 4,846 households of 26,713 returned to their respective villages. "This return is helped by the lull in the security situation. Humanitarian actors are mobilized for assistance to returnees and returnees, "reports OCHA's humanitarian bulletin.
These data are confirmed after the organization of 4 missions to monitor population movements in several villages in northern Paoua by UNHCR and humanitarian partners.
A little in the center of the country in Ndassima about 60 km north of the Bambari, 13,450 people returned to the Ndassima-Bambari axis, including 310 people in Ndassima 1,250 people in Ndassima 2, and 7,000 people or 430 households in Krandja and Djoubissi.
On the Bria IDP site, at least 2,060 people have returned to the 50,897 sites at 5 sites, a 3.88% reduction compared to February 2019 compared to December 2018. This return is also due to the lull observed in recent weeks in the region, according to humanitarian actors.
In the western zone, notably in Boukolo, 45 km from Berberati on the Gamboula road, the population welcomes daily the return of Fulani refugees to Cameroon. The presence of a hundred breeders in these regions testifies to the cohabitation between the communities.
These returns are also observed in Bakouma and Alindao, two cities that were affected by the violence towards the end of 2018. The return allowed the reopening of 70% of the schools. Of the 46 schools, 32 are operational and 30% or 9 schools are currently occupied by armed groups.
Although aid workers have observed the return to several cities, the management of transhumance remains a source of tension in Bocaranga and Ngaoundaye in the north of the country. At least 896 hectares of fields have been devastated by livestock in these areas. "1,200 households lost their fields because of transhumance, given that 73% of these households have only their fields as their source of income, while 27% of these households have spontaneous returns," commented one humanitarian actor.
The lull observed in recent weeks after the signing of the peace agreement between the government and the armed groups remains fragile, given the challenge of the new government following the Khartoum dialogue by some armed groups who demand more space in this inclusive government.